Section 6 of the Spanish Constitution establishes that:
"Political parties are the expression of political pluralism they contribute to the formation and expression of the will of the people and are a fundamental instrument for political participation. Their creation and the exercise of their activities are free in so far as they respect the Constitution and the Law. Their internal structure and operation must be democratic".
Additionally, article 44 of the Organic Law on the General Electoral System (henceforth, LOREG) establishes the different types of formation that may concur in an electoral process:
Organic Law 6/2002, of 27 June, on Political Parties, establishes that "political parties may form and register federations, confederations and unified parties in compliance with the provisions of this chapter and by prior express agreement of the competent institutions".
Political parties are private bodies with an associative base that forms an essential part of the constitutional architecture and grants them a certain institutional guarantee, the organisation and operation of which must be democratic and in compliance with the Constitution and its Laws.
Their ultimate goal is to combine convictions and efforts so as to influence in the democratic direction of public issues, in addition to contributing to institutional functioning and promoting changes and improvements in the course of their political mandates.
They are governed by the principle of Freedom, which has three dimensions:
- Organic Law 6/2002 (Ley Orgánica 6/2002), of 27 June, on Political Parties.
- Organic Law 2/2011 (Ley Orgánica 2/2011), of 28 January, modifying Organic Law 5/1985 (Ley Orgánica 5/1985), of 19 June, on the General Election Regime.
- Organic Law 3/2011 (Ley Orgánica 3/2011), of 28 January, modifying Organic Law 5/1985 (Ley Orgánica 5/1985), of 19 June, on the General Election Regime.
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